Once again, we see a disparate impact-type lawsuit succeed, this time at the expense of the taxpayers of New York: because black and Hispanic firefighters failed the New York Fire Department entrance exam at a higher rates than whites, this was considered to be "discrimination," and 1500 people were paid a total of 98 million dollars in back pay, medical benefits, and interest.
I've seen some of the questions from the test. They all dealt with issues a firefighter would face, such as which blade to use when cutting through a door, and which fire hose to use in a certain kind of fire. These tests "discriminate" against blacks and Hispanics in the same way that the stopwatch "discriminates" against whites in running events.
The moral of the story is, go ahead and fail your tests: it pays to be dumb.